Functions

  • Oxidizes iron to enable it’s work in hemoglobin
  • Neutralizes free radicals in SuperOxide Dismutase (SOD)
  • A key component in Cytochrome C Oxidase
  • Regulates iron
  • Electron Transport Chain/energy production in every cell
  • Oxidative phosphorylation/fatty acid production
  • Neurotransmitter synthesis
  • Levels correlate inversely with Zinc, when one goes up, the other goes down
  • Formation of the skin pigment Melanin
  • Lipid metabolism in fat cells (Adipocytes), decreasing total and LDL “bad” cholesterol
  • Wound healing
  • Tissue regeneration after cell death (Apoptosis)
  • Antiviral effects
  • Regulation of the Immune System
  • Ceruloplasmin is a protein that regulates and binds copper as well as regulating certain hormones and formation of red blood cells

Reduces

  • Inflammation
  • Atherosclerotic lesions
  • Pain
  • Toxicity of certain anti-cancer drugs
  • Tumor growth
  • Fetal damage due to nicotine exposure